Visit ArabTopics.com

Numbers Are People: Where Will They Be in 2050?   

The world is growing both older and younger, according to new population reports, which point out that unmanageably large populations can have detrimental effects in regions and in countries. By 2050, China is projected to be second in population globally, at 1.3 billion people. Above, the Beijing metro.

Right now, the population of the world is growing, paradoxically, at both ends of the age spectrum, for different reasons and with different results.

In the developed world, the widely reported concern is that fewer births, and longer lives among the old, whose numbers are rising, will altogether wreak havoc on social security and health programs designed for post-retirement generations. Contributions from a smaller work-age population will shrink available funds.

Among developing nations in Africa and Asia, as the United Nations Population Fund stresses in its 2018 “State of World Population,” regions of continued high-fertility rates — the number of births a woman is likely to have in her reproductive years — is swelling the ranks of youth. This can also have negative effects of different kinds.

Unmanageably large populations, particularly in poor nations, hinder sustainable development, contribute to the causes of conflict and reflect low levels of human-rights protections, most notably for women, the Population Fund reported.

The Population Reference Bureau, an independent organization in Washington, D.C., that collects and analyzes global data, recently published its 2018 wall-chart-sized data sheet, statistically measuring all nations by 16 demographic indicators, covering population numbers, health and environment.

The data sheet also includes pages of graphics illustrating some major trends and projections. The 2018 issue of the annual publication focuses on changing age structures and some consequences of these demographic shifts.

In the long term, the world is getting older in many if not most places, though life expectancies vary by region and level of development. The global average for life expectancy at birth is now 70 for men and 74 for women, but those numbers fall to the mid-to-low 60s or 50s (often for both men and women) in the least-developed countries, the Population Reference Bureau found.

In nations with the highest level of development, the life expectancy is 76 for men and 82 for women. (The oldest women in the world live in Hong Kong, where their life expectancy is 88.)

Proportions matter. The percentage of people in the world who are 65 or older, 9 percent in 2018, is expected to reach 16 percent by 2050. The percentage of people under age 15 will drop to 21 percent by 2050, down from 26 percent now, the Population Reference Bureau projects, using data from the United Nations Population Division and other sources.

Among the graphical illustrations of these projections, there is a world map showing where one segment of a society — the old or the young or sometimes both — are dependent on the national population or government. A changing or imbalanced dependency ratio is a challenge to policymakers.

Other graphics show, for example, how older men in developing countries participate less in the labor force than older men or women in developed countries — and why — or how the child poverty rate in the United States has exceeded the adult rate for four decades.

The big numbers: by 2050, India’s population will be the world’s largest, at nearly 1.7 billion, with China still at 1.3 billion, and Nigeria a distant third with 411 million, followed by the US (390 million), Indonesia (320 million) and Pakistan (307 million).

As for fertility rates, which is the current focus of the UN Population Fund, the top 10 countries are African, with Niger at the top at 7.4 births per woman. The countries with the lowest fertility rates, all under the “replacement” level of 2.1 births, are in Europe and Asia, led by South Korea with a fertility rate of 1.1, followed by Singapore and Taiwan, both at 1.2. (China is not in the top 10.)

Successful family planning based on incentives, not coercion, along with good reproductive health care, quality education and economic opportunities for women, make a difference, say policymakers.

 

The post Numbers Are People: Where Will They Be in 2050?    appeared first on PassBlue.

Source: 
Pass Blue

Dear friends of this aggregator

  • Yes, I intentionally removed Newsbud from the aggregator on Mar 22.
  • Newsbud did not block the aggregator, although their editor blocked me on twitter after a comment I made to her
  • As far as I know, the only site that blocks this aggregator is Global Research. I have no idea why!!
  • Please stop recommending Newsbud and Global Research to be added to the aggregator.

Support this site

News Sources

Source Items
Grayzone Project 19
Pass Blue 74
Dilyana Gaytandzhieva 14
John Pilger 410
The Real News 367
Scrutinised Minds 29
Need To Know News 1780
FEE 3408
Marine Le Pen 239
Francois Asselineau 25
Opassande 53
HAX on 5July 220
Henrik Alexandersson 582
Mohamed Omar 256
Professors Blog 10
Arg Blatte Talar 37
Angry Foreigner 17
Fritte Fritzson 11
Teologiska rummet 32
Filosofiska rummet 75
Vetenskapsradion Historia 121
Snedtänkt (Kalle Lind) 181
Les Crises 1989
Richard Falk 120
Ian Sinclair 81
SpinWatch 52
Counter Currents 6633
Kafila 365
Gail Malone 34
Transnational Foundation 221
Rick Falkvinge 93
The Duran 6700
Vanessa Beeley 93
Nina Kouprianova 9
MintPress 4928
Paul Craig Roberts 1207
News Junkie Post 47
Nomi Prins 24
Kurt Nimmo 191
Strategic Culture 3641
Sir Ken Robinson 16
Stephan Kinsella 67
Liberty Blitzkrieg 801
Sami Bedouin 61
Consortium News 2184
21 Century Wire 2991
Burning Blogger 286
Stephen Gowans 67
David D. Friedman 133
Anarchist Standard 16
The BRICS Post 1471
Tom Dispatch 422
Levant Report 17
The Saker 3523
The Barnes Review 478
John Friend 371
Psyche Truth 146
Jonathan Cook 135
New Eastern Outlook 3204
School Sucks Project 1739
Giza Death Star 1596
Andrew Gavin Marshall 15
Red Ice Radio 571
GMWatch 1862
Robert Faurisson 149
Espionage History Archive 34
Jay's Analysis 769
Le 4ème singe 88
Jacob Cohen 200
Agora Vox 11276
Cercle Des Volontaires 418
Panamza 1704
Fairewinds 103
Project Censored 727
Spy Culture 386
Conspiracy Archive 67
Crystal Clark 11
Timothy Kelly 496
PINAC 1482
The Conscious Resistance 581
Independent Science News 66
The Anti Media 5691
Positive News 820
Brandon Martinez 30
Steven Chovanec 61
Lionel 269
The Mind renewed 213
Natural Society 2493
Yanis Varoufakis 825
Tragedy & Hope 122
Dr. Tim Ball 65
Web of Debt 129
Porkins Policy Review 354
Conspiracy Watch 174
Eva Bartlett 564
Libyan War Truth 280
DeadLine Live 1905
Kevin Ryan 61
BSNEWS 1978
Aaron Franz 192
Traces of Reality 166
Revelations Radio News 121
Dr. Bruce Levine 115
Peter B Collins 1362
Faux Capitalism 205
Dissident Voice 9656
Climate Audit 221
Donna Laframboise 364
Judith Curry 1059
Geneva Business Insider 40
Media Monarchy 2024
Syria Report 70
Human Rights Investigation 90
Intifada (Voice of Palestine) 1685
Down With Tyranny 10290
Laura Wells Solutions 28
Video Rebel's Blog 413
Revisionist Review 485
Aletho News 18071
ضد العولمة 27
Penny for your thoughts 2691
Northerntruthseeker 2075
كساريات 37
Color Revolutions and Geopolitics 27
Stop Nato 4626
AntiWar.com Blog 2725
AntiWar.com Original Content 6200
Corbett Report 2103
Stop Imperialism 491
Land Destroyer 1113
Webster Tarpley Website 962

Compiled Feeds

Public Lists

Title Visibility
Funny Public